Oct 9, 2012 12:00am PDT
yamanaka. >> suarez: the two scientists are from two different generations and celebrated today's announcement half a world apart. but today they were celebrated together for their research that led to a ground-breaking understanding of how cells work. sir john gurdon of cambridge university was awarded for his work in 1962. he was able to use specialized cells of frogs, like skin or intestinal cells, to generate new tad poles and show d.n.a. could drive the formation of cells in the body. 40 years later dr. shinya yamanaka built on that and went further. he was able to turn mature cells back into their earliest form as primitive cells. those cells are in many ways the equivalent of embryonic stem cells because they have the potential to develop into specialized cells. for heart, liver and other organs. dr. shinya yamanaka is currently working at kyoto university. embryonic stem cells have had to be harvested from human embryos, a source of debate and considerably controversy. for gurdon the prize at special meaning. at a news conference in london he recalled one school teacher'
Oct 8, 2012 12:00pm PDT
this morning and they are excited about it. the bay area professor is shinya yamanaka, a native of japan. he and a british researcher won for their discovery that mature specialized cells in the body can be reprogrammed to become any kind of cell. the committee said the winners have shown that specialized cells can turn back the developmental clock under certain circumstances and also said the discoveries will provide new tools for scientists around the world. this morning, a colleaguof the bay area winner explained more about the significance. >> it's a major breakthrough because it removes some ethical issues using human embryonic stem cells and opens a new host of things that we can do and ways to understand human disease using these new stem cells that we couldn't even dream of before. >> the medicine award was the first nobel prize to be announced this year. >>> good gourd! the pumpkin that triumphs all others pumpkins at this year's half moon bay weigh-off. >> that thing is a mess! ! hey, folks, we have clouds off the coastline with showers coming up. a privately- owned rocket tk off l